Introduction of Web of Science
The Web of Science is a research intelligence platform that provides subscription-based access to journal indexing databases that provide comprehensive citation data for many different academic disciplines in the entire globe. It was formerly known as the Web of Knowledge, originally produced by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and is now managed by Clarivate Analytics, a former Thomson Reuters owned intellectual property and science business.
Web of science has been described as a unified research tool that allows the user to access, analyze, and disseminate journal database information in a timely manner. This is achieved by creating simple vocabulary related to computer and information science for different database search terms. It represents the properties of a scholarly subject area and the relationship, by defining a set of concepts and categories that represent the subject.
Comprehensively, Web of Science is a database that has compiled millions of articles and citations. This data can then be used to calculate all sorts of bibliographic metrics including a h-index.
Citation databases of Web of Science
The Citation databases of Web of Science collection consists of following online databases
- Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI): The database covers more than 9,200 notable journals encompassing 178 disciplines. Coverage is from the year 1900 to the present day.
- Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI): The database covers more than 3,000 journals in social science disciplines. Range of coverage is from the year 1985 to the present day.
- Arts & Humanities Citation (A&HCI): The Index covers more than 1,700 arts and humanities journals starting from 1975. The database can be accessed online through Web of Science which covers subject areas Arts, Humanities, Linguistics, Poetry, Music, Classical works, History, Oriental Studies, Philosophy, Archaeology, Architecture, Religion, Television, Theater, and Radio.
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI): The database covers over 5,000 journals in the sciences, social science, and humanities.
- Book Citation Index (BCI): The database covers more than 60,000 editorially selected books starting from 2005.
- Conference Proceedings Citation Index (CPCI): The database covers more than 160,000 conference titles in the Sciences starting from 1990 to the present day.
Conclusion – Why Web of Science?
Because of the reputation of these indices, included journals receive a prominent number of submissions for each issue. The core collection content is uniquely selective and indexed and creates accurate and complete unparalleled data structure.
- Journal Impact factor: Web of Science provides metrics such as the Journal Impact Factor which establishes exactly the average frequency with which an article in a particular journal will be cited in a defined time period.
- Cited Reference Searching: Web of Science maintains documentation on all citations allowing you to search through the history of a single article and track how a concept has been used and elaborated over time.
- Cover-to-Cover Indexing: Web of Science core collection, a piece of content offers cover-to-cover indexing which creates a complete view with highest-quality indexed publication that is discoverable within the database.
- Funding Data Index: Web of Science is one of the only indices that supplies funding information for all research projects in which it is offered.
- Citation Sync – Google Scholar: Web of Science keeps its citation data synced and up to date not only within their system but publicly available on Google Scholar.
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